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2009 - Midwestern Cardiac Surgery. All rights reserved.
Coronary Artery Byapss Surgery
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
This is a type of heart surgery. It is sometimes called CABG ("cabbage"). The surgery reroutes or "bypasses" blood around blocked arteries to improve the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart. These arteries are blocked by atherosclerotic plaque, a guildup of fat, cholesterol, and other substances associated iwth a disease process known as atheroslcerosis (or hardening of the arteries). It slows or stops blood flow through the heart's blood vessels. This can lead to loss of heart muscle, known as myocardial infarction or heart attack.
What is coronary artery byapss surgery?
How is coronary artery bypass done?
Surgeons take a blood vessel from another part of the body and make a detour around the blocked part of the coronary artery. An incision is made down the center of the chest, through the breast bone (mediastinotomy). Some patients may have an incision on the left side of the chest between the ribs (thoracotomy). An artery may be detached from the chest wall (internal mammary artery) and the open end attached to the coronary artery below the blocked area. A piece of long vein in your leg or a section of artery from your forearm may be taken. One end is sewn onto the lart artery leaving your heart - the aorta. The other end is attached or "grafted" to the coronary artery below the blocked area. Either way, blood can use this new path to flow freely to the heart muscle. Coronary artery bypass surgeries may require the use of the heart - lung machine (cardiopulmonary bypass) or may be able to be done useing minimally invasive (off-pump) techniques, depending on the individual case.